St Andrews is a seaside town on the east coast of Fife in Scotland, 30 miles (50 km) northeast of Edinburgh. The town is home to the University of St Andrews, the third oldest university in the English-speaking world and the oldest in Scotland. The University of St Andrews has been marked as one of the top 100 universities, according to the prestigious QS world university rankings.
The town is named after Saint Andrew the Apostle. There has been an important church in St Andrews since at least the 8th century, and a bishopric since at least the 11th century. The settlement grew to the west of St Andrews cathedral with the southern side of the Scores to the north and the Kinness burn to the south. The burgh soon became the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland, a position which was held until the Scottish Reformation. The famous cathedral, the largest in Scotland, now lies in ruins.
St Andrews is also known worldwide as the “home of golf”. This is in part because the famous links is the most frequent venue for The Open Championship, the oldest of golf’s four major championships.